Coal Crisis in India Explained: Coal crisis is looming over India. In such a situation, only one question is coming in everyone’s mind that can there really be a ‘Batti Gul’ (Coal Crisis in India) of the country? In fact, the energy crisis across the country became more serious this month when the supply of fuel for power plants came down. Due to this crisis, the wheels of revival of the world’s fastest growing major economy have stalled in the coming days. According to official data, at the end of September, 135 thermal plants in the country had an average coal stock of only four days, which was less than 13 days of coal stock in early August. According to the rules, it is mandatory to keep coal stock for 22 days in thermal plants.Also Read – T20 World Cup 2021: “Shoaib Akhtar our team will blow you away”, Harbhajan Singh started a war of words before the high-voltage match
There are reports that due to shortage of coal in many states, even power cuts have started. Many plants in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu are on the verge of closure. Not only these states, but thermal plants of other states of the country are also struggling with the shortage of coal these days. However, the central and state governments are busy controlling the situation. Also Read – Power Crisis: Amidst the power crisis, Rajasthan CM Ashok Gehlot made this appeal to the people of the state…
In the midst of all these questions, today we are telling you why the coal crisis hovered over India? Can it really be the ‘Batti Gul’ of the country? How is electricity made from coal? Also Read – Sela Tunnel: The last phase will start from today, the distance from Tawang to China border will decrease by 10 km
Why did the coal crisis hit India? (Why the coal crisis hit India)
The shortage of coal in power plants came at a time when Coal India’s production, which meets nearly 80 per cent of the country’s fuel needs, fell due to the prolonged monsoon this year. However, CIL says that its supply is not at any lower level this year as compared to last year. Power sector sources say the problem is also compounding as debt-ridden state units have less bothered to buy more coal to run power plants.
Apart from this, there are many other reasons like, increase in demand for electricity due to economic recovery, lack of seasonal coal supply for several months, state gencos do not have the financial capacity to store 22 days of coal stock before monsoon And there are high spot prices of coal and LNG in the international market. All these are the factors causing this stressful situation.
What is meant by coal quality?
To meet the domestic shortfall, the option of buying coal from abroad is available, but the increase in worldwide electricity demand post-Covid has generated additional interest to secure fuel sources which has pushed up global coal prices. Was. The price of Indonesian coal i.e. coal imported from Indonesia has increased from $60 per tonne in March, 2021 to $160 per tonne (in September/October, 2021) to 5,000 GAR (gross as received).
There are enough reserves of coal in our country but the quality of coal found in our country is not as good as the coal found in Indonesia and South Africa. Due to this there is also a lot of pollution from the coal found in our country. In such a situation, we also import coal from abroad. Since the price of coal has increased a lot these days. Therefore, the import of coal has also been affected. Apart from this, after the corona epidemic, there has been a boom in the economy, due to which electricity consumption has increased.
Apart from this, extreme weather events are also spoiling the game. China’s top coal-producing province suspended production at 27 mines due to heavy rains and floods, adding further pressure to the country’s energy crisis. China is the largest producer and consumer of coal. The lack of sufficient growth in renewable energy and skyrocketing natural gas prices are also contributing to the escalation of the global energy crisis. China’s decision to secure all available sources of globally available fuel at any cost is causing shortages in the world market and a rapid jump in prices.
How is electricity made from coal? (how electricity is made from coal)
How is electricity made from coal in the country? Let us tell you that more than 70 percent of the electricity in India is produced from coal. That is, coal is the only means of producing the largest electricity in India. Thermal plants have been set up everywhere in the country to generate electricity from coal. First of all coal is extracted from coal mines. After this, this coal reaches the thermal plant with the help of trains. There is a coal field in these thermal plants, where coal is collected from trains. Then with the help of the machine, the coal is transported from the coal field to the crusher machine. In the crusher machine, the coal is broken into fine powder. After leaving this crusher machine, the coal reaches the second crusher machine, where it is finely ground like coal powder.
After this the powder of this coal is put in a furnace-like boiler. Boiler is a very big vessel, just like you boil water in a cooker or pot in your homes, in the same way, in a power plant, water is heated in the boiler, so that steam can be formed. In fact, the smoke of the rising coal hits the small water pipe above the furnace. Due to which these small pipes filled with water get heated and steam is formed from it. And finally through a pipe, this steam goes to big turbines. After which these turbines spin rapidly with the power of steam and electricity is generated by their rotation.
Can it really be the ‘Batti Gul’ of the country?
The scope for this is absolutely negligible. Yes, there may be power cuts in some states, but it is not possible that the entire country’s light becomes ‘batti gul’. Coal Minister Pralhad Joshi said on Thursday that the coal crisis has arisen due to closure of some mines and water logging in some others due to monsoon rains, but there is no need to panic as the situation is improving.
Joshi, who visited the Ashoka mine of Central Coalfields Limited (CCL) at Piparwar in Jharkhand’s Chatra district, said that the power plants in the country would continue to receive coal in the required quantity. When asked about the current situation, he said, “We are seeing improvement in the situation now.” The minister discussed the current situation with the officials of CCL and Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL). Emphasizing on the need to produce more coal, he said, “We can produce two million tonnes of coal per day.”