Farmers Income How to Start Silk production Business Sericulture Agri Farming SSND

Silk production Business: Nowadays farming is emerging as an industry. In reality, the soil is spewing gold, whether it is in the form of a plot or in the form of a field. Farming is no longer just cultivating wheat and rice. There are many occupations including animal husbandry, fish farming, milk processing plant, dairy industry from which farmers are earning well today.

In view of the income coming from agriculture, many youths are leaving their substantial jobs and turning to the fields. There is such a work related to agriculture, which can be started by earning good money.

One of the works related to agriculture is the rearing of silkworms. The rearing of silkworms to make raw silk is called sericulture or sericulture.

India is second only to China in terms of silk production. All kinds of silk are grown here. More than 60 lakh people are engaged in different types of silkworm rearing in India.

The Central Silk Research Center in India was established in the year 1943 at Baharampur. After this, the Silk Board was established in the year 1949 to promote the silk industry. Central Eri Research Institute was established in Meghalaya and Central Tussar Research Training Institute in Ranchi.

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The Government of India works to provide training and financial assistance for silkworm rearing. Apart from this, the government helps in providing the equipment related to silkworm rearing, silkworm eggs, providing market for coco prepared from insects, etc.

There are three types of sericulture in India – Mulberry farming, Tusar farming and Eri farming. Silk is a fiber made from the protein of an insect. The best silk is made from the larvae of insects that feed on the leaves of mulberry, Arjuna. The silk produced by insects by eating mulberry leaves is called mulberry silk.

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Mulberry silk is produced here in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Jammu and Kashmir and West Bengal. Non-mulberry silk is produced in Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh and north-eastern states.

Every state government including the center prepares sericulture schemes for the farmers at their own level. The government is providing all kinds of help to the farmers who want to do mulberry plantation and silkworm rearing in their one acre land.

More information about silkworm rearing can be obtained from the link of the Government of India website https://www.india.gov.in/en/topics/agriculture/sericulture.

Apart from this, the Madhya Pradesh government is providing loans to farmers for sericulture. More information regarding this can be obtained from the website www.eresham.mp.gov.in.

To make a career in sericulture, many colleges and universities offer courses related to it, degree-diploma etc. For studies related to sericulture, you can contact these institutes-

Central Sericulture Research and Training Institute, Mysore
Central Sericulture Research and Training Institute, Berhampur
-Sam Higneybottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences
-Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneshwar
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Jammu
Indira Gandhi National Open University, New
Central Sericulture Research and Training Institute, Pampore, Jammu and Kashmir

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