- These disorders affect thoughts, moods and behaviours.
- Mental health disorders can be occasional or chronic.
- Here are the five most common mental health disorders and their associated symptoms.
World Mental Health Day 2021: World Mental Health Day is celebrated every year on 10 October. Mental health disorders, sometimes referred to as illnesses, affect the thoughts, moods and behaviors of those affected. However, there is no clear link between genetics and the likelihood of having a mental health disorder. Lifestyle factors such as diet and a person’s activity can influence the onset of depression, anxiety and other conditions. Mental health disorders can be occasional or chronic. And they affect a person’s ability to relate to others and perform day to day tasks. While there are some measures to improve overall mental health, some disorders are more serious and may require professional intervention. Below are the five most common mental health disorders and their associated symptoms.
Anyone can have these common mental disorders. Anyone Can Have These Common Mental Disorders
1. Anxiety Disorder
The most common category of mental health disorders in the US, affecting approximately 40 million adults aged 18 years and older. Anxiety disorders cause people to experience discomfort and frequent fear and apprehension. While many people may experience these feelings, say, during a job interview or public speaking event (as it can be a normal reaction to stress), people with anxiety disorders usually experience them in non-stressful events. feel. And the bouts of anxiety can last for six months or more at a time. “Anxiety” is actually a broad term that includes several specific disorders, including:
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
- obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- anxiety problem
- post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- social anxiety disorder
2. Mood Disorders
An estimated 1 in 10 adults suffer from some sort of mood disorder. Although it is normal to experience mood swings from time to time. People with mood disorders live with more frequent and severe symptoms that can disrupt their daily lives. Depending on the specific disorder, people may experience persistently depressed, anxious or “empty” moods; feeling of despair; low self-esteem; excessive guilt; Loss of energy and much more. Therapy, antidepressants and self-care can help treat mood disorders. The most common mood disorders are:
- major depression
- Manastap (mental distress)
- bipolar disorder
- substance induced mood disorder
3. Psychotic Disorder
People suffering from mental disorders may be unable to know what is real and what is not. This group of mental disorders alters a person’s sense of reality. Scientists believe that certain viruses, how specific brain circuits work, extreme stress or trauma and some forms of drug abuse may play a role in the development of mental disorders. The most common mental disorders include:
- schizoaffective disorder
- Brief psychotic disorder
- Delusion disorder
- substance induced mood disorder
Dementia is a term that covers a wide range of specific mental conditions. People with dementia-related disorders may experience a decline in their cognitive abilities—often severe enough to impair daily living and independent functioning. While many conditions are included in this category, Alzheimer’s disease is responsible for 60 to 80% of dementia cases. This gradually destroys memory and thinking skills and eventually takes away the ability to perform even the simplest of tasks. Other forms of dementia take the following forms:
- Parkinson’s disease
- frontotemporal dementia
- Huntington’s disease
- Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
5. Eating Disorders
Eating disorders are much more than a person’s relationship with food. They are complex mental disorders that often require the intervention of medical and psychological specialists. These conditions cause unhealthy eating habits to develop, such as an obsession with food, body weight or body shape. In severe cases, eating disorders can have serious health consequences and even death if left untreated. Common symptoms include sewer restrictions on food, overeating or purging behaviors, such as vomiting or excessive exercise. The most common types of eating disorders include:
- anorexia nervosa
- bulimia nervosa
- binge eating disorder
- pica eating disorder
- Rumination Disorder
Attention! Dangerous harm of eating Ashwagandha
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