World Mental Health Day 2021: Why celebrate this day? know everything here

World Mental Health Day 2021: Why celebrate this day?  know everything here

The number of mental patients is increasing all over the world (photo-istock)&nbsp

World Mental Health Day 2021: The number of mental patients is increasing continuously not only in India but all over the world. Corona has only increased it further. The WHO says that the Kovid-19 epidemic has made a big impact on the mental health of the people, so the need to celebrate this day has increased. Certain groups, including health and other frontline workers, students, people living alone and those with pre-existing mental health conditions, have been particularly affected. Services for mental and neurological disorders have been severely disrupted during Kovid. This day provides an opportunity to work on the mental health that is currently affecting the world and ensure that people can enjoy good mental health.

What is the theme of World Mental Health Day?

Every year, this day is marked with a special theme, this year’s theme is ‘Mental Health in an Unequal World’ which is the gap between ‘haves’ and ‘have nots’. Focuses on reducing It is getting wider with each passing time. People with mental health problems are in constant need of care. The World Federation for Mental Health which helped choose the theme of this year’s World Mental Health Day. He says the theme aims to highlight that mental health services reach low-income people. 75% to 95% of people with mental disorders are low- and middle-income people. Many people with mental illness do not get the treatment they deserve.

What does the World Health Organization (WHO) say?

The World Health Organization says that around 280 million people worldwide suffer from depression, while about 1 in 5 children in the world have a mental disorder. It further states that mental, neurological disorders make up 10% of the global burden of disease and 30% of the non-malignant disease burden. As far as India is concerned, according to the study ‘The Global Burden of Disease Study 1990-2017’, 197.3 million people in India were suffering from various mental disorders. It is in 1 in 7 Indians. The country witnessed a two-fold increase in the number of diseases caused by mental disorders. The overall disease burden in India increased from 2.5% in 1990 to 4.7% in 2017. The survey by the Ministry of Family and Health also states that one out of every 12 elderly people in India has symptoms of depression. The World Health Organization marks 10 October every year as World Mental Health Day, which aims to raise awareness of mental health issues around the world and support mental health efforts.

Why does India need to focus on mental health urgently?

The number of mentally ill patients is increasing in India. Accordingly, there is no facility for treatment. According to WHO, India has a poor mental health workforce and there is a huge shortage of mental health professionals in the country as compared to the number of people suffering from mental health issues. According to the data published by WHO in 2019 based on the data of the year 2016, in India, there is a need of 3 psychiatrists per one lakh population but there are only 0.292 psychiatrists. According to information given by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in the Lok Sabha in 2018, there are only 898 psychologists in India against the need of 20,250. In addition, there are only 1,500 psychiatric nurses in the country against the requirement of 3,000. If we look at the mental health infrastructure, general hospitals in India have 0.560 mental health beds per 1 lakh as compared to 11.143 in the US. Similarly, mental hospitals have 1.426 beds per 1 lakh whereas the US has 18.660 beds.